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Class XII Curriculum

Oklahoma Ag Leadership Program

Seminar VIII

Family Seminar - Stillwater

Thursday, July 7, 2005
Scribe: Jamie Allen


OSU Vet Teaching Hospital

Our seminar began on Thursday afternoon at 1:30 when our class and families met at the OSU Vet Teaching Hospital on the OSU Campus. We were privileged to have two tour guides for our session, the first being Mrs. Angel Jordan, a 3rd year student in the vet college from Winn, Arkansas. She came to OSU with her undergraduate in Pre-Vet major and Chemistry-minor from Murray State University in Kentucky, and our 2nd tour guide being Ms. Caroline Williams from Edmond. She is a 2nd year vet med student, with her undergraduate degree from OU majoring in Zoology and Letters.

The OSU Vet Medicine Teaching Hospital was built and opened in 1981. The size of the hospital is approximately two and one half acres. The staff will see animals from the smallest fish to exotics such as elephants, tigers, and even kangaroos. They will also see 1 to 2 camels per year. The caseload at the hospital is 60 % small animal as compared to 40 % large animal. The hospital is a community-based hospital, where they will see any animal brought in from the community, along with referrals. OSU has a tremendous faculty that truly supports its students. The faculty works with the students and does have a tutoring process. The incoming class for the hospital for this next year is 80 seats that need to be filled. The 4th year students have approximately 70 students, whereas, many classes begin with 75 to 80 students, thus losing some. Vet Medicine is not for the faint of heart. OSU is a college known for its small class sizes compared to Texas A&M and Kansas. A trend is ensuing that classes are becoming larger in size for Vet colleges across the US.

Currently, the ratio of male students to female students is 25% male to 75% female. Whereas, most things are cyclic, so we will probably see the pendulum reverse in the future on the ratio. OSU also has a very good reputation for producing a large number of large animal practitioners. The question was asked if any classes were offered to the vet med students in the area of business classes. The reply of both students was, no there were not. But a business club was formed year ago, and the result could be a class beginning as the result, with it being an elective class.

One of the strengths of the Vet College is the degree emphasis is non-tracking; whereas, in other colleges, you determine your preference, and you are tracked into that area. Equal amounts of classes are taken for consideration on large and small animals, thus allowing a student to branch out in their elective classes for their preference. Generally speaking, the majority of practices are 75% small animal basis, and 25 % large animal basis, depending on where one is located in our state.

The Equine area is growing tremendously, some aspects more than others; for example, due to embryo transfer and the new way colts are registered. Where we are seeing the biggest trend is in the areas of specialization, such as surgeons. The specialization fields are becoming more specific than they were looking back twenty years ago. Some new and upcoming fields are Equine Chiropractors, and more emphasis on Homeopathic medicine. The hospital is divided into two major sections, one being large animal and the other small animal. Our class divided into two groups to tour.

Small Animal tour began with the process of what would happen if you or I brought in one of out pets. The hospital is open 24 hours a day. Animals arrive from Texas, Arkansas, and Kansas. Vet Medicine has many specialty staff, including neurologist, optometrist, radiologist, and many more. We have brought our small animal in to be treated for an ailment, the process would begin at the receptionist desk where a 4th year student will come and greet you and your pet, then taking you to the exam room area. The exam rooms will have the same equipment as you would see in your doctor’s office. The 4th year student will give your pet a general exam, discuss the pet’s history with you, and ask questions such as, “What problems is your pet having?” Then the 4th year student will then take your pet and meet with a nurse’s clinician, or teaching vet. They will go over all the possibilities with the student, and rule out any areas that they deem not suitable. The hospital also has blood equipment available if blood work needs to be done on an animal, just like our doctor’s offices.

The Induction room is where animals can be taken if anesthetic must be used on an animal to complete a dental exam or correction. Next we visited the Operating Room or OR for short. The rooms are kept sterile and ready to use at any given moment. The hospital has a full stock Pharmacy, as well as an Intensive Care unit and ER unit. One would notice that the hospital is color-coded. With RED, leading the way for Radiology, BLUE emphasizing Special or Nuclear Medicine and GREEN, being more in the area of minimizing the risk of animals hurting themselves or others while in the hospital. The hospital has wards in which animals are placed to recover from surgery. And also the hospital has In-House donors, such as dogs and cats for blood donors. Example - greyhounds are used for canine blood donors. They also have ZEW or exotics, which include ferrets, parrots, and many others. There are also in-house Wildlife Residents on staff to monitor and facilitate treatments to deer and other wildlife we have around our state.

In the Blue area, Special or Nuclear Medicine, one would see the use of lasers; an example being a cow with oscular cell carcinoma of the eye, or cancer eye for short, which the predominant breed this would effect are Herefords, and Polled Herefords, or any other white faced beef animal. The cancer can be removed from the eye with the use of the laser. Another treatment used with lasers are on Dachshunds, which are known for vertebra problems. The vets can use a laser and remove the ruptured disks in the back and improve the condition of the small dog. Also lasers are used on mass cell tumors.

The Chemical Pathology Lab does predominately all the lab work in-house. Very few items will be sent out for testing or compounding. A quick turnaround on the test results helps the vets tremendously. Generally test results come back within a one-day period.

On the other side of the wall, we enter the Large Animal side. A large number of horses are seen, many with colic problems. Horses, if given anesthetics, are placed in a padded stall to reduce any injury problems which might be encountered. After a procedure, the horse is then moved to the Recovery stall, to be allowed to wake up. Cattle on the other hand, cannot be put down in the same way as the equine, due to rumen problems. Cattle can be placed in a hydraulic chute and tilted if need. A rumen donor is in-house and her name is Molly. We saw many different animals in the large animal side, including horses, miniature horses, cattle, goats, and a lama. This concluded our tour of the Teaching Vet Hospital. Our next stop, the Wes Watkins building.

AgrAbility Project

Keeping’ em Down on the Farm: Farming with a Disability, was the presentation given by Carla Wilhite, MNM, OTR/L. Carla is the AgrAbility specialist at OSU, and has worked with rural and ag health for the last eight years. She acquired her BS degree in Occupational Therapy from New Mexico, her Masters in Non-Profit Management from Regis University, Denver, and is currently working on her Ph D. at Clayton University in Omaha, Nebraska. Her two assistants are Jill Summ, a graduate student working on a MS in Occupational Therapy, and Heather Coffman, also a graduate student working on her MS in Occupational Therapy.

What is the most valuable asset in agriculture? The answer to that question is: our people and their health. In this particular session, we were enlightened about the AgrAbility project in the state of Oklahoma. An amazing and yet frightening statistic is that Oklahoma farm fatalities are higher in number than any other industry in the state, as well as, children’s fatalities. The mission of this project is to promote success in agriculture for people with disabilities and their families. Oklahoma AgrAbility Project partners in a threefold manner - with Oklahoma State Cooperative Extension Service, Able Tech, and Langston University. The projects’ objectives include: 1) information and referrals, 2) On-site Technical assistance, 3) Education including issues related to secondary injury, 4) Training for medical personnel, as well as, Ag professionals. And last but not least, 5) Peer Support.

National Statistics noted that 288,000 agriculture workers between the ages of 15 and 79 have a disability. Two hundred thousand producers experience lost work-time injuries and occupational illnesses annually. And approximately 5% of these have serious and/or permanent results. The Agriculture Industry is a very high-risk industry. According to the Oklahoma statistics, from an Able Tech survey, 26 % of producers reported a disability, whereas, 17,000 farmers/ ranchers in our state need assistance.

Those who can benefit from this AgrAbility project would include any farm family, ranchers, and agriculture workers with disabilities. A disability creates a barrier to agrarian life. Focus is on independent living, enhanced productivity, and the quality of life known before the accident or injury. Many times farmers/ ranchers know the risk of the task involved, but due to financial restraint, or loss of time, do not follow the recommended procedure. This is not in any way due to lack of education.

AgrAbility Partnership began with a grant funded thru USDA, authorized in the 1990 Farm Bill, through the Smith Lever Funding. This project began in 2002 in Oklahoma. The average age of a farmer in Oklahoma, according to the census, is 56 years of age, as well as, nation wide. Many of these individuals work well into their eighties.

The project takes into consideration the farm work environments, including outdoor factors, time, and indoor work. The impact of farming on the farmer can be ag-related acute and chronic illness; examples include dermatitis, zoonoes, respiratory, poisonings, and cancer. Ag related injuries could include crushing injuries, livestock encounters, tractor accidents, falls and hydraulic injection. The impairments that a farmer can create due to conditions of a disability would be injury or illness, birth or genetic defects, age-related changes, and psychological stress or emotional trauma.

Assistive Technology solutions can help prevent further injuries from ocurring, can enable or assist an individual in completing a task, and compensation for lost functions and abilities. The solution hierarchy is first looked at in terms of solving the problem without the purchase of additional equipment or making some type of modifications. Facilitating, and implementing the needed modifications to help the individual lead a more productive life and have a better quality of life much like the one known before the injury. If the situation should arrive that commercial items must be purchased, then finding the means to do so through various channels. Also looking at the situation, if any modifications need to be made on the purchased item to enhance its use. However, the need will sometimes arise to design or fabricate a device or modify a particular device to be better used by the injured party.

Some frequent farm tasks, which are viewed, as barriers to injured individuals may be simple access to buildings such as adding ramps, or railings. To make zero grade entrances or increase lighting, if the lighting is poor or dimly lit, or perhaps place slip resistant materials on steps or inclines to help with traction. We would also need to look at access to fields, such as portable cattle guards, pit-less cattle guards, gate opening devices and mobility devices, which could be as simple as adding a wheel to one end of the gate. Also the need to gain access to machinery if an individual has a problem entering or exiting farm machinery. Solutions may be adding platform lifts, seated lifts, and/ or extra stairs or handrails to help steady the individual. If someone has trouble driving, what items or solutions are there to the problem? One can add steering devices such as round movable handles, assisted steering items, and adapting foot controls to hand controls or vice versa. Another problem, which could be encountered, would be hitching of equipment. The solution could be to decrease the need for leaving the operators seat and/or to decrease the risk of pinching or crushing injuries and back strain on an individual.

The handling of materials such as hay and grain could be portable grain carts or the dew eze bale handler, livestock carts, and tools adapted for weak grasp, use of one extremity, and reducing repetitive strain.

Strategies for financing such Assistive technology can be personal resources, private insurance claims, community resources available, private funding sources, public funding sources and loan programs available.

Referrals to AgrAbility can be any farmer, rancher, farm worker, or family member, who has retired or is currently working on a farm or ranch. The individual has an impairment creating a disability to living and working on the farm or ranch. And the individual has a need for environmental modifications, accommodations, Assistive technology or adaptive equipment, and peer support. The following address can be given to any one fitting in any of those categories: Oklahoma AgrAbility, 1514 W. Hall of Fame, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 74078, or contact by phone at 1-888-885-5588 or via the internet, People with disabilities can succeed in the farm and ranch occupations if given the right support, technical assistance, and devices.

L. Lee Manzer

“The Game is Played Away From the Ball” is a quote, which Coach Sutton has repeated many times to new players on the Oklahoma State University basketball team. Dr. L. Lee Manzer was our next presenter. Dr. Manzer is a faculty member in the Department of Marketing, for the William S. Spears School of Business at Oklahoma State University. He received his BA in Chemistry, MS in Finance, and Ph. D. in Business and Marketing from Oklahoma State University. He was a Professor from 1970 to 1973, and then decided to return to OSU, in 1975. He has received several honors from OSU, including in 2001 being named the Greeks Honored Faculty member.

The question was asked what does “ponder” mean? Dr. Manzer’s reply: to think, to reflect, and to have deep thoughts about, to conjugate. The title he chose to use was a quote, which Coach Sutton, has said numerous times to players. When taking a business approach to a situation, your main objective should be to create and keep a customer. How would one go about implementing such as task? “Take care of the little things, and the big things will take care of themselves.” Or “Don’t sweat the small stuff.” Which one best applies, or are they contradictory? The first one should apply, only if the little things lead to the big things.

Coach Sutton would interview his new players on the team by asking them to come into his office to have a seat and talk. The first question which was asked, “What do you practice when you practice and especially when you are by yourself? In the game of basketball, generally speaking, shooting the ball or ball handling was the answer given. The next question would then be, “During a 40 minute game, how many minutes is the ball in your hands?” Most players would conclude 5 to 10 minutes. Sutton’s reply is, “Let’s say 3 minutes on average.” The last question would be asked, “If you have the ball in your hands for 3 minutes, what are you doing the other 37 minutes of the game?” The answer should be 1) defending against the competition, 2) playing and working on the team as a team member, and 3) what you are doing to prepare for the 3 minutes you do have the ball. The emphasis we place on ourselves is the big things in life, whereas, we should be focusing on the little things which lead up to the 37 minutes without the ball in our hands.

When a reporter asked Tiger Woods what has made him the top golf professional during the recent Masters Tournament, he simply stated “ I’ve been working on going back to the basics and getting my fundamentals sound. It’s just paying attention to detail. Sometimes we get al little sloppy.” Great words of wisdom were given to the reporter, yet that was not what he expected Tiger Woods to say.

Getting the subject onto a personal level, what big things do you want? Take a moment and ponder the thought. The first step would be to figure out what the little things are that lead up to the big things. And secondly, motivating yourself to do the little things. Example, move your effort up from mediocre to a higher standard. Make small changes in your behavior. If you choose to live your life and mediocre is satisfactory, then mediocre is all you will achieve, thus getting average rewards. If you want a high standard, and set a high standard, then your effort must be greater to achieve success, thus your reward will be greater.

“Plans are nothing, planning is everything,” a famous quote from Dwight Eisenhower. This quote is from the invasion of Normandy. The plans failed, but due to the planning and adjustment, it was a success. You must be able facilitate and implement a plan, thus knowing when to adjust when the need arises to be successful.

A farmer went to the town square to find someone to hire to help him with his farm. He came upon a young man, and the farmer asked the young boy what he could do, and the young man’s reply, “I can sleep when the wind blows.” This bewildered the farmer, so he kept looking for help, without finding any, he came back to the young man and asked him again for his talents, and the young man’s reply, “I can sleep when the wind blows”. So the farmer hired the young man, and took him to his farm. A few weeks had gone by, and the farmer was ready for bed, when all of a sudden he arose, due to a storm approaching the farm at a fast pace. He went into the young man’s room to wake him, so they could go and place the animals in the shed, close the barn doors, and all the other items to be taken care before the storm approached. The farmer could not wake the boy, so he decided he would handle it himself. He started at the pens, wanting to get the animals into the barn, and the barn doors secured before the storm hit. To his surprise, the young man had already taken care of all the necessary tasks before he retired to bed. So, yes, the young man could sleep when the wind blows. The farmer then knew what the young man meant by the saying.

One needs to search for knowledge. Knowledge is everywhere, books, people, Internet, experiences, and many other places. Seek knowledge from the best sources. Know the source from which it comes, some are better than others. What may appear to be true may not be true. Some people are only interested in looking good to others, and not necessarily doing a good job. In other words what is in this for me? If you are interested in doing a good job first and foremost, then you will also look good to those around you. Bind people to you. If you treat others according to the way you want to be treated and play fair, everything will follow.

Each of us, as individuals, has a heritage to pass on to our families and others. Each of us has a spear of influence, and our influence flows to others’ influence spheres. In the days gone before, stories were told and shared around campfires, and homes, thus passed down through the ages. Each person or organization has a so-called secret bundle, which is the heart and soul of the organization, and its defining characteristics. The sacred bundles, which have guided us to who we are and how we attempt to do things. Stories must be told to our children, grandchildren, neighbors, and friends. These stories must be easy to remember and believable, such as the heritage of the American Farmer. Our story must continue to be told, and shared from generation to generation, before it is lost. These stories can help encourage others, strengthen, and comfort those who need reassurance. Remember, the Game is Played Away From the Ball, 37 minutes to be exact. Our session concluded with a meal (sponsored by Stillwater Milling and Farm Credit Associations of Oklahoma) and visitation with Alumni members, Advisory council and special guests.

A special thank you is extended to Joe Neill, who has served on the OALP Advisory Council for many years. Your commitment to our organization has been tremendous, and we wish you the best. Joe Neill gave each of the Class XII members his complementary book, “Down a Bumpy Road, But Not Alone”. Again, thank you for your support and commitment to the OALP program.


Friday, July 8, 2005
Scribe: Brian Wiles


Athletics Facilities Tour

Class members and families enjoyed a buffet pancake breakfast at the Holiday Inn. The breakfast was sponsored by Clay Burtrum (Class XI) and Mike Burtrum, Farm Data Services. Following breakfast class members, spouses and children toured the Gallegher-Iba athletic training facility.

Estate Planning Basics

Our presenter was Elizabeth K. Brown, Esq. from the firm of Phillips, McFall, McCaffrey, McVay & Murrah P.C.

The presentation touched on the basics of estate planning while focusing on the changes from the Tax Act of 2001. Ms. Brown defined what estate planning can and cannot do as well as what commonly occurs with an individual’s estate that is not sufficiently protected. Care of minors, probate concerns, expenses at death were all talked about as well as what can be done to preserve wealth, in addition to carrying out the person's wishes. A short time was allowed to describe the various tools of estate planning such as wills, trusts, gifting, insurance, etc. Ms. Brown stated the importance of wills in addition to trusts as a means to reduce tax burdens and properly prepare your loved ones financially for the time after your death. The amount of information available on proper estate planning is enormous. This presentation did a superb job of touching on the basics while making class members aware of the need to properly plan for the time when we are no longer here.

The presentation was well received and several members had excellent questions. In addition to the presentation all class members were given a very informative handout.

The Food & Agricultural Products Research & Technology Center

The tour was conducted by our own class member, Jake Nelson, Meat Processing Manager. We started in an area that is used to prepare food for sampling. This kitchen is adjacent to a room where individuals can sample food products prepared on site. The room featured a separate ventilation system and even different colors of lights. Jake explained that this prevents the samplers from developing an opinion about the food they are tasting based on smell or sight. Another interesting fact is the samplers do not swallow the food. This is done so they do not get full!

We proceeded through another large processing room that featured large equipment, some of which was donated by different companies. The room featured a hot dog processing machine, as well as a high pressure water slicer used by Sonic for slicing onion rings.

We proceeded by numerous cold storage rooms and extremely cold temperature freezers used by the facility. We also saw a wood processing room that an OSU professor is using for research on cedar chips. We saw a display of various wood samples used to test the feasibility of cedar press board in the construction industry.

Our next stop was a large classroom used by the facility and the university. It had a track rail mechanism for moving carcasses into the classroom.

Our last stop was the kill floor. According to Jake there is no harvesting done here. It is a slaughter facility. Since Jake is the meat guy for this building, we'll agree! Overall it was an excellent and informative tour.

We were then treated to lunch at the Kerr Drummond dorm. A buffet style lunch was served and plenty of room was allowed for the classmates and their families to enjoy a relaxed casual lunch sponsored by First Capital Bank of Guthrie/Kingfisher/Cordell.