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Class XIII Curriculum

"State Government, Community Leadership and Oklahoma Water Issues"

 Seminar VII


April 25, 2007
Scribe: J.D. Elwood
Oklahoma City

On Wednesday, April 25, 2007 Class XIII of the OALP met at the Oklahoma Farm Bureau (OFB), 2501 N. Stiles Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Our chairperson for the morning session was Thad Doye. We were greeted by our first speaker of the day, Mr. Matt Wilson Executive Director, OFB. Mr. Wilson welcomed us to the OFB state office and gave us an overview of how OFB began, what OFB is, and what OFB believes. Following are some of Mr. Wilson’s comments:

Mr. Wilson came to Oklahoma from Kentucky.

OFB is a grass roots organization.

All policy is generated from the county level.

OFB began in 1942.

OFB State Office property was purchased in 1940’s. It is an excellent location close to the State Capitol. OFB has had opportunities to sell the property but the location is too good to give up.

Farm Bureau in Oklahoma was originally organized in 1942 as an independent farm organization. It was chartered under the laws of the state of Oklahoma on February 3, 1942, under the Cooperative Marketing Association Act.

OFB affiliated with the American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) on March 1, 1942, when the first cooperative agreement was signed between the two organizations.

1946 OFB began selling insurance.

77 County Farm Bureaus with 110 County offices (some counties have multiple offices).

Farm Bureau Perspective is published every other week. Farm Bureau Magazine is published quarterly.

Oklahoma is split into 9 Districts with each District having a Director and each District has a Women’s Activity Chairperson and a Young Farmer & Rancher Chairperson.

The OFB has one President, Mr. Steve Kouplen. Mr. Kouplen was present at the session and Mr. Wilson introduced him and Mr. Kouplen made a couple of comments.

Mr. Kouplen expressed that he was very proud of the OFB staff, members, and organization. He was very complimentary of Oklahoma Agricultural Secretary Terry Peach and his ability to bring the Ag groups to work together to accomplish policies that affect agriculture instead of working independently.

Our next scheduled speaker was Commissioner of Agriculture Terry Peach. However; due to a scheduling conflict, Commissioner Peach was unable to meet with us.

Our next three speakers pretty much provided a joint presentation on the Legislative Process. They were:

Lori Peterson, OFB, Director of Public Policy.

Mason Mungle, American Farmers and Ranchers, Government Relations.

Scott Dewald, President, Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association.

Mrs. Peterson stated that her job was to track Issues, Policy, and Legislation that affects OFB members as it pertains to Agriculture and Landowners. She tries to focus on the grass root issues. Mrs. Peterson talked about animal manure and its relation to the superfund law, and how current legislation has removed manure from the superfund regulations.

Another comment from Mrs. Peterson was; never ask a legislator to vote against their constituency.

Mr. Mungle provided an overview on how a bill is introduced and works its way through the Legislature to become a law. For example a Bill is introduced by the House or Senate, let’s say the House. Then it goes to the applicable sub-committee and then the full committee. The bill is dead if it can’t get out of the committee. If the bill gets through committee, it goes to the House floor. Then it goes to the Senate. Once both chambers pass the Bill it goes to the Governor for approval or veto. Mr. Mungle also commented that a bill can be change by amendments. He stated that Title 2 is Ag Law, Title 27 is Water Issues, and Title 82 is Environmental issues.

Mr. Dewald stated that the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association worries only about bills that are “Pretty Close to the Cow”. He stated that the Legislature is in the process of wrapping things up for the current Legislative year. Currently the Legislature is in Conference Committees and he said this is scary because “killed legislation can come back to life”! He said if everything that’s dead stays dead we’re in great shape.

Mr. Dewald stated “when agriculture works together agriculture can prevail-even over the oil & gas industry”. This basic comment was made by all three speakers, and again, was a compliment to Mr. Peach for his efforts in getting the agriculture groups to work together to accomplish positive results for the agriculture industry.

This concluded the morning session and lunch was provided by the Oklahoma Farm Bureau.

Scribe: Keeff Felty
April 25, 2007
Oklahoma City

After a short walk from the Oklahoma Farm Bureau building, we started the afternoon in room 511-A of the State Capitol where we met with Tommy Thomas a contract lobbyist, Senator Ron Justice and Representatives Dale Dewitt and Terry Hyman.

Mr. Thomas explained the role of a contract lobbyist and that he represented several different clients at the same time. A corporate lobbyist works only for the company that they are employed by. Mr. Thomas told us that as a lobbyist it is all about the issues and not personalities. He emphasized the importance of putting aside his views as a former Representative to do his work as a lobbyist for his clients. Another important aspect mentioned by Mr. Thomas is for a lobbyist to have good ethics, and to resolve conflicts between clients in advance or set the issue out and wait for the next opportunity.

Senator Justice was our next speaker. Senator Justices’ district covers Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, and Grady counties. The Senator serves as Co-Chairman on the Senate Agriculture and Rural Development committee. Senator Justice expressed several interesting points about the political process.

  • Be sure to voice your concerns to your elected officials

  • Legislators need to know both good and negative on an issue

  • First how an issue affects the district and then the state

  • Talk to your legislator if you have concerns, or hear something to find out the real story

  • More rural/urban differences than republican/democrat

  • It takes agriculture groups, lobbyist, and us/everyone to make the political process work

  • When sending e-mail be sure to include your contact information: name, address and other important information

  • Tell the legislator if you are from their district

  • Most legislators do care and want to do what is right

Representative Dale DeWitt who represents District 38 and is the Chairman of the house Natural Resources committee addressed our class following Senator Justice. Rural issues are Representative DeWitt’s focus. Representative DeWitt spoke about a variety of important topics.

  • Trying to annualize several parts of the agricultural budget and the funding for the OALP class

  • The state budget

  • Teacher retirement needs a long term solution

  • Agricultural communities work well together to keep the legislators well informed

  • Urban legislators are opening up to rural interest

  • Be involved in the process

Representative Terry Hyman was our next speaker. Representative Hyman is from Leon in far south central Oklahoma; as he put it they are surrounded by Texas on three sides. Representative Hyman shared many different ideas and thoughts with us.

  • We have a lack of rural agricultural leadership probably due to most people are too busy

  • With a lack of leadership things can go wrong and retard development

  • He will probably be known for the “manure bill” as being non-hazardous

  • Agriculture is not always perceived as good for the environment

  • There is more opposition to agriculture than ever before

  • Groups opposing agriculture are well organized, funded and un-ethical

  • We have to develop the ability and stay in tune to what is going on

  • Be involved

  • We have responsibilities and have to learn to deal with a different audience

The Lt. Governor Jari Askins from Duncan in Stephens County joined us next. She briefly explained the role of the Lt. Governor as the President of the Senate and that she has the authority to cast a tie breaking vote on the floor. The Lt. Governor shared her views of the tied 24 to 24 Senate and how the two parties had agreed to share power. She mentioned that collaboration is a good thing and the importance of being engaged in communities and the political process. She has enjoyed all of her political service through the years. We took a photo with the Lt. Governor after her talk.

After our meeting with the Lt. Governor we each went and met with our respective Senator and Representative.

Our next location was the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture where we met with Dr. Becky Brewer Oklahoma State Veterinarian, Mr. Rick Maloney Director, Market Development Services, and Dr. Mike Talkington Director, Agriculture Laboratory Services.

Dr. Brewer gave a very informative and detailed overview of the duties and responsibilities of the state veterinarian. Her comments covered a wide range of varied important topics ranging from agriculture specific to the general public.

  • Ferial swine services

  • Animal husbandry in general

  • The connection of food and agriculture

  • Agriculture producers are the best kept secret providing the safest, cheapest, best quality products in the world and its plentiful

    • Ten cents per dollar spent on food in the United States, and the World average is forty cents

    • Of the ten cents spent in the United States 40% is spent on eating out

  • As the state veterinarian she is responsible for all herds and flocks in the state

  • Agro-terrorism – animal diseases to potentially be used as weapons

    • Develop and design emergency response plans

    • Develop programs and protocols both regulatory and service oriented

  • One million dollars per minute is spent to deal with an outbreak of an animal disease

  • Animal identification is a good thing

The comments by Mr. Maloney about the market development services of the department of Agriculture were interesting and showed how broad and diverse the marketing aspects of agriculture are.

  • Domestic marketing specifically the Made in Oklahoma program

    • Gourmet side

    • Food service side

    • Retail side

      • Now working with Wal-Mart

  • MIO coalition started as a group of seven companies to improve processing and has grown to thirty-nine companies

  • Ag in the Classroom

    • Teaching agricultural literacy to youth

  • Market news

    • Provides a network for people to call and check on prices and markets

  • Value added products

    • Dough factory in Enid

  • Diversified Agriculture

    • Fruits and vegetables, alternative agriculture, farmers markets

      • Farm to school program

  • Agritourism

Dr. Talkington the Agricultural Laboratory Service director presented an excellent talk about the lab and the many various services that it provides.

  • Disease testing of animals

  • State pesticide lab

  • General chemistry

    • Label compliance of feed and fertilizers

  • Inorganic section

  • Seed lab

    • Germ purities

  • Dairy lab in Tulsa

    • Checks nutritional value of milk and for things like salmonella

  • Oklahoma Bureau of Standards lab

    • Calculate standards for twenty plus other states

  • New lab facility being built

    • Breaking ground in June 07', completed August 08'

When we had concluded our visit to the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture it was off to the hotel to check in and proceed on to our next destination. We arrived at Prairie Wind Growers in Noble at around 6:30; where we toured several nursery greenhouses and learned about the nursery business from Bill Farris. Following the tour we had an excellent dinner and conversation time to reflect on the days events. A good time was enjoyed by all.

Scribe: Julie Fitzgerald
April 26, 2007
Oklahoma City

Dr. Joyce Martin, Director, Staff & Program Development- OCES

Healthy Communities 101


  • Explore the varied areas of community development

  • Develop a better knowledge & understanding of the capacity of OCES

  • Ideas/Suggestions & tools for utilizing & promoting healthy communities

What is Community Development?

Each class member had the opportunity to list the following items about themselves:

  • Name

  • Town/County

  • Something interesting about the area

  • What things need to be changed for a healthier community

Suzette Barta, Extension Assistant, Oklahoma State University Ag Economics

Economic Trends & Issues in Rural Oklahoma

Issues in Rural Oklahoma

  • Out-Migration/Population Loss

  • Stressed Counties in the Plains

  • Metropolitan Growth vs. Non-Metropolitan Growth

  • Employment Opportunities

    • Jobs for Youth

    • Aging Workforce

    • Retention/Expansion

  • Retail Development

  • Clustering Activity

    • A cluster is a concentration of firms that gain an advantage by locating near each other.

    • Attracting & fostering clusters is no longer a policy used solely by urban community developers.

  • Entrepreneurship

    • Small entrepreneurs enhance the quality of life in a region

    • New technologies can contribute considerably to region’s economic growth.

  • Cultural Changes

  • Positive Outlook for Oklahoma

    • NW Oklahoma: Food Producers/Oil & Gas/Alternative Fuels/etc.

    • Grady County: #4 in state in oil production

  • Pulse of Rural Oklahoma


Doug Enns, Applications Engineering Program & New Product Development Ctr., Sr. Applications Engineer, Biosystems/Ag Engineering Oklahoma State University

Growing Rural Oklahoma

  • Why emphasize rural manufacturing?

    • Rural Jobs

    • Manufacturing Jobs

  • Why increase competitiveness?

    • To help our companies grow

    • To help them survive increasing global competition

  • History

    • Began in 1997 with 3 engineers

  • Examples of What They Do

    • Provide engineering support

    • Process Redesign & Equipment Design

    • Failure Analysis

    • Plant Layout & Facility Design

    • Product Development

Erin Early, Business/Marketing Client Coordinator, Oklahoma State University Food & Agricultural Products Center

The Need for FAPC

  • Groundbreaking – 1994

  • Dedication – 1996

  • Grand Opening – 1997


  • Food Product Development

  • Grain Milling

  • Livestock Harvesting & Processing

Objective: Keeping the Jobs/Money/Products in Oklahoma

  • Analytical

  • Micro-Biology

  • Food Processing

  • Sensory

  • Meat Processing

  • Engineering

  • Business Planning/Marketing

  • Quality Management

FAPC assists more than 850 Oklahoma businesses.
FAPC has had an economic impact of over $500 million in product sales.
FAPC has worked on more than 3000 projects.

Made In Oklahoma Companies FAPC has assisted:

  • Bar-S Foods

  • Advance Food Company

  • Abe’s Creations

  • Blessetti’s

  • Pepper Jo’s

  • Head Country

Extension Activities

  • Basic Training Workshop

    • 3rd Thursday of every month

    • $100/person

    • 9:00am – 4:00pm

    • Workshop walks individuals interested in starting their own food business through the steps.

  • Financial Management

  • Food Safety


FAPC Research

  • Animal Probiotics

  • Sorganol

  • Electrolyzed Water

  • Phytosterols & Policosanols

Scribe: Ted Graham
April 26, 2007
Oklahoma City

Growing Rural Oklahoma - Glenn Muske, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

  • Economic Engine to make growth.

  • Need Leaders

    • Attraction 1%

    • Retention and Experience 44%

    • Creation 55%

How do we get caught up in the New Creation?

  • Bring Entrepreneurs

  • Low income, stay in communities and maintain lifestyles

  • 2/3 of new jobs are created

  • Most of these are home based

Dr. Muske’s goal is to ignite the passion for home based businesses.

Jack Frye, Area Community Development Specialist, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

Agritourism is great way to expand finances, entrepreneurs get to charge a premium and can offer family values. Agriculture has to tell their story and we have hands on experience with education, which has a lot to offer today.

  • Plan the business, with a plan written out.

  • Work with your communities

Side note most local people will not use.

There is $4.5 billion for travel in domestic Oklahoma, Tourism Helps Everyone.

Stan Ralstin, Area Community Development Specialist, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

400 plus tourism sites in Oklahoma today
Marketing agritourism efforts within Oklahoma offers unique opportunities for Oklahoma agriculture we are 3 to 5 generations removed from production agriculture. People want to reconnect to the agriculture base.

Dr. Renee' Daugherty, Associate Professor, Extension Specialist- Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

Develop Leaders Public Deliberation
Community Leadership Program (CLP)

  • Modules Define Ideas

  • Infrastructure

  • Economy

  • Social Ideas

  • Public deliberation on difficult issues

  • Designed Modules - to make better leaders solving community issues to make your life better

Dr. Joe Williams, Director, Oklahoma Agricultural Leadership Program – Provided an overview of county leadership and development activities.

Scribe: Brian Jervis
April 27, 2007
Oklahoma City

Ray Wolf, President, American Farmers and Ranchers

  • Water is important to all of us.

  • Texas wants our water

  • We cannot live without water

Kim Winton, Director, United States Geological Survey/Water Resource Division

Overview of Oklahoma water resources
USGS – Nation’s largest natural science agency
USGS information products contribute to wise management of the natural resources office in OKC, Tulsa and Woodward

Map from environmental working group slowing water flowing into Mississippi

Oklahoma water use 2000:

  • 1772 million gallons per day

  • Irrigation 40%

  • Public Supply 38%

  • Livestock 9%

Oklahoma Water Sources

  • Surface water 56%

  • Ground 44%

Not all water is usable:

  • Hydrologic issues

  • Water quality issues

  • Economic – pull water tables down it cost more to pump it up

We are only getting 1/3 recharge rate in panhandle

GMFT on cycle of drought

Effects on water mining

  • Drying up well

  • Reduction of water streams lakes

  • Increase pumping cost

Water quantity verses quality

Dave Dillon, Director of Planning, Oklahoma Water Resource Board

Water use in Oklahoma

Water Plan $1.2 million a year from Tax payers

Drinking Bottled water if had to use is $55 Barrel

Oklahoma Comprehensive water plan

  • Population growth

  • Future Water Needs

  • Competitive Interests

  • Vulnerability to drought / flooding

  • Environmental Protection


  • Provide safe and dependable water

  • Provide Education to – providers, policy makers, and users

Local Meetings 42 this year

Water Use Permitting

  • Stream water

  • Ground water

  • Domestic / Household

  • No priority of uses

Stream Water law

Ground Water Law

  • Private Property subject to reasonable regulation by OWRB

Steve Thompson, Executive Director, Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality

Water is the Issue

  • Legislation was developed for common interest and surrounded by self interest people.

  • Public water supply is the most important issue on water NOT irrigation

  • Define what Oklahoma means in Cherokee – well at least we aren’t Texas

Public Water Supply:


  • Operational – easier to deal with

  • Infrastructure – funding is lacking

Back awhile ago they were checking for bacteria and now the standards have changed to involve chemical elements.

Water Discharge:

  • Private

  • Municipal

  • Industrial

  • Storm Water

Drought Systems

  • 40% of State population 8 systems

  • 40% 141 systems

  • 20% 1400 small systems rural water district

Shannon Phillips, Assistant Director, Oklahoma Conservation Commission

Non point source pollution

Pollutant is any substance that causes harm to environment

Types of NPS Pollutants

  • Bacteria

  • Sediment

  • Nutrients

  • Chemical – Fertilizer, Pesticide, Solvents

  • Salts

  • Oil / Grease

Who contributes to NPS Pollution?

  • Everyone

Who contributes to NPS Pollution?

  • Everyone

What can we do about NPS

  • Regulate it

  • Educate

  • Voluntary Programs

Oklahoma Water Law

Dean Couch, President & General Counsel, Environmental Federation of Oklahoma, Inc.

Water Classification

  • Stream Water – Water definite stream, natural water source, defined banks and bed

  • Ground Water – Under the surface of earth, outside cut banks of definite stream

  • Diffused Surface Water – Water on the surface not forming a definite stream

  • Atmospheric – Weather Modification

Water Rights

  • Riparian

  • Natural flow, reasonable use

  • Appropriation

  • Allocation

  • Apportionment

Lots of Statues mentioned:

Jim Barnett, General Counsel, State of Oklahoma Water Resources Board

  • 71-91 – OWRB

  • 91-Present Water Law

He believes we have plenty of water.